The ADDIE framework consists of the following steps: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation, and these steps are reflected in many modern instructional design models.

The ADDIE stages for instructional design come from the Interservice Procedures for Instructional Systems Development (IPISD) model – used starting in the early 1970s throughout the branches of the military. It gained influence in the military and industrial training sectors because not only did the military members have to use it, but the defense contractors were mandated to as well. The stages of ADDIE - analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation – will sometimes be arranged in a flowchart to show their relationships. Many other instructional design models, and even ISPI’s Human Performance Technology model, can be aligned with the steps of the ADDIE framework. This is the likely cause of the misnomer that ADDIE is an instructional design model – no fully developed ADDIE model (that prescribes detailed steps of the process) for instructional design actually exists.

October 10, 2022
August 22, 2023
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